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Grading Syllabus

  • Questions & Answers

    What does Taekwon-Do literally mean?
    The art of hand and foot.
    Who is the father and founder of Taekwon-Do?
    Grand Master General Choi Hong Hi 9th Dan.
    In which country did Taekwon-Do originate?
    Korea.
    When was Taekwon-Do officially recognised?
    11th April 1955.
    What are the 5 tenets of Taekwon-Do?
    Courtesy; Integrity; Perseverance; Self control; Indomitable Spirit
    What does a white belt signify?
    Innocence - as the beginner who has no previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do.
    What is the title given to a 7th or 8th degree black belt?
    Master (Sahyun).
    What is the title given to a 9th degree black belt?
    Grand Master (Saseong).
    What is the Korean term for Instructor?
    Sabum.
    Attention Stance
    Charyot Sogi
    Attention Stance
    Charyot Sogi
    Parallel Stance
    Narani Sogi
    Sitting Stance
    Annun Sogi
    Walking Stance
    Gonnun Sogi
    Name the 3 sections of the body in Korean.
    Nopunde (High); Kaunde (Middle); Najunde (Low).
    Forefist
    Ap Joomuk
    Knifehand
    Sonkal
    Inner Forearm
    An Palmok
    Outer Forearm
    Bakat Palmok
    Ball of the Foot
    Apkumchi
    4 Direction Punch
    Saju Jirugi
    4 Direction Block
    Saju Makgi
    Middle Punch
    Kaunde Jirugi
    Outer Forearm Low Block
    Bakat Palmok Najunde Makgi
    Knifehand Low Block
    Sonkal Najunde Makgi
    Inner Forearm Middle Block
    An Palmok Kaunde Makgi
    Outer Forearm High Block
    Bakat Palmok Nopunde Makgi
    Outer Forearm Rising Block
    Bakat Palmok Chookyo Makgi
    Front Snap Kick
    Ap Cha Busigi
    What are the definitions of: a High Block?
    A high block is when the fist or fingertip reaches the same level of the defender’s eyes.
    What are the definitions of: a Middle Block?
    A middle block is when the fist or fingertip reaches the same level of the defender’s shoulder.
    What are the definitions of: a Low Block?
    A low block is a block that defends against an attack aimed at the lower abdomen or points below

    Basic Techniques

    1. Sitting Stance Middle Punch
    2. Front Snap Kick & Walking Ready Stance
    3. Walking Stance Middle Punch
    4. Walking Stance Inner Forearm Middle Block
    5. Walking Stance Outer Forearm Low Block
    6. Walking Stance Outer Forearm High Block
    7. Walking Stance Outer Forearm Rising Block

    Patterns

    • 4 Directional Punch
    • 4 Directional Block
  • Theory

    Chon-Ji

    Means literally ' the Heaven the Earth'. It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other to represent the Earth.

    Number of movements = 19

    Diagram = Cross

    Pattern (Tul)
    is a set of fundamental movements both offensive and defensive agaisnt an imaginary opponent
    Obverse Technique
    is one in which the attacking or blocking arm is on the same side as that of the leading leg.
    Reverse Technique
    is one in which the attacking or blocking arm is on the opposite side as that of the leading leg.

    The leading leg is the one that carries the most weight. for example in L stance it is tge rear leg. For stances with equal weight distribution such as walking stancethe leading leg is the front leg. For symmetrical stances such as parallel stance and sitting stance neither leg is a leading leg.

    High Attack
    is when the attacking tool reaches the eye level of the attacker.
    Middle Attack
    is when the attacking tool reaches the shoulder level of the attacker.
    Low Attack
    is when the attacking tool reaches the umbilicus level of the attacker.

    Terminology

    L Stance
    Niunja Sogi
    Knifehand Side Strike
    Sonkal Yop Taerigi
    Forearm Guarding Block
    Palmok Daebi Makgi
    Flat Fingertip Thrust
    Opun Sonkut Tulgi
    Obverse
    Baro
    Reverse
    Bandae

    Basic Techniques

    1. Sitting Stance 2 Middle Punches
    2. Low Front Snap Kick, Walking Stance Middle Obverse Punch
    3. Walking Stance Inner Forearm Middle Block, Middle Reverse Punch
    4. Walking Stance Outer Forearm Low Block, Outer Forearm Rising Block
    5. Walking Stance Outer Forearm high Block, Flat Fingertip High Reverse Thrust
    6. L Stance Knifehand Middle Side Strike
    7. L Stance Forearm Middle Guarding Block

    Patterns

    • 4 Directional Punch
    • 4 Directional Block
    • Chon ji Tul
  • Theory

    Dan-Gun

    is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the Legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2333 B.C.

    Number of movements = 21

    Diagram = I

    Yellow Belt
    signifies Earth from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the Taekwon-Do foundation is being laid.
    An Maki
    Inside Block; a block that blocks the inside of the opponent's attacking limb to expose the inside part of the opponent's body.
    Bakat Makgi
    Outside Block; a block that blocks outside of the opponent's attacking limb to expose the outside part of the opponent's body.

    Terminology

    Knifehand Guarding Block
    Sonkal Daebi Makgi
    High Punch
    Nopunde Jirugi
    Twin Forearm Block
    Sang Palmok Makgi
    Knifehand High Inward Strike
    Sonkal Nopunde Anuro Taerigi
    X-Fist Pressing Block
    Kyocha Joomuk Noolo Makgi
    Twin Fist Vertical Punch
    Sang Joomuk Sewo Jirugi
    Outer Forearm Inward Block
    Bakat Palmok Anuro Makgi
    Side Piercing Kick
    Yop Cha Jirugi
    Footsword
    Balkal
    3 Step Sparring
    Sambo Matsogi
    Continuous Motion
    Iojin Tongjak

    Basic Techniques

    1. L Stance Twin Forearm Block, Knifehand High Inward Strike
    2. Walking Stance X-Fist Pressing Block, Twin Fist Vertical Punch
    3. Front Snap Kick, Walking Stance Obverse & Reverse Punch
    4. Side Piercing Kick, L Stance Knifehand Side Strike

    Patterns

    • 4 Directional Punch
    • 4 Directional Block
    • Chon ji Tul
    • Dan Gun Tul
  • Theory

    Do-San

    is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

    Number of movements = 24

    Diagram = S

    Anuro Makgi
    Inward Block; a block that converges inwards towards the centreline of defender's body. (The same applies to the inward strike).
    Bakuro Makgi
    Outward Block; a block that moves outwards away from the centreline of the defender's body. (The same applies to the outward strike).

    Terminology

    Straight Fingertip Thrust
    Sun Sonkut Tulgi
    Back Fist Side Strike
    Dung Joomuk Yop Taerigi
    Wedging Block
    Hechyo Makgi
    Circular Block
    Dollymyo Makgi
    Double Forearm High Block
    Doo Palmok Nopunde Makgi
    Turning Kick
    Dollyo Chagi
    Back Piercing Kick
    Dwit Cha Jirugi
    Release Motion
    Jappyosul Tae
    Fast Motion
    Balli

    Basic Techniques

    1. Walking Stance Circular Block
    2. Walking Stance Double Forearm high Block, L Stance Middle Punch
    3. Turning Kick, L Stance Backfist Side Strike
    4. Back Piercing Kick, L Stance Guarding Block

    Patterns

    • Chon Ji Tul
    • Dan Gun Tul
    • Do San Tul
  • Theory

    Won-Hyo

    was the noted mon who introduced Buddihism to the Silla Dunasty in the year of 686 A.D.

    Number of movements = 28

    Diagram = I

    Green Belt
    A Green Belt signifies the plant's growth as Taekwon-Do Skills begin to develop.

    Terminology

    Close ready Stance Type A
    Moa Junbi Sogi A
    Fixed Stance
    Gojung Sogi
    Bending Ready Stance Type A
    Guburyo Junbi Sogi A
    Upper Elbow Strike
    Wi Palkup Taerigi
    Crescent Kick
    Bandal Chagi
    Hooking Kick
    Golcho Chagi
    Side Sole
    Yop Bal Badak
    Side Instep
    Yop Baldung
    Outward Wasit Block
    Bakuro Hori Makgi
    Knee Upward Kick
    Moorup Ollyo Chagi
    Side Fist Downward Strike
    Yop Joomuk Naeryo Taerigi
    Outer Forearm Outward Block
    Bakat Palmok Bakuro Makgi
    Palm Hooking Block
    Sonbadak Golcho Makgi
    Outer Forearm Downward Block
    Bakat Palmok Naeryo Makgi
    2 Step Sparring
    Ibo Matsogi
    Free Sparring
    Jayoo Matsogi

    Basic Techniques

    1. L Stance Backfist Side Strike, Walking Stance Downward Release, High Punch
    2. L Stance Knifehand Middle Guarding Block, Walking Stance Upper Elbow Strike
    3. (Rear Leg) Crescent Kick, Side Kick
    4. (Front Leg) Hooking Kick, (Rear Leg) Turning Kick

    Patterns

    • Chon Ji Tul or Dan Gun Tul
    • Do San Tul
    • Won Hyo Tul
  • Theory

    Yul-Gok

    is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the 'Confucius of Korea'. The 38 Movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 Degree latitude and the diagram represents 'scholar'.

    Number of movements = 38

    Diagram = Scholar

    Ap Makgi
    Front Block; a block to the centreline of the body with the body full facing. (The same applies to punches, strikes and thrusts)
    Yop Makgi
    Side Block; a block the with the body half facing or side facing the target. (The same applies to strikes)
    Yop Jirugi
    Side Punch; a punch with body side facing the target. (The same applies to thrusts)

    Terminology

    Twin Knifehand Block
    Sang Sonkal Makgi
    X Stance
    Kyocha Sogi
    Front Elbow Strike
    Ap Palkup Taerigi
    Low Stance
    Nachuo Sogi
    Palm Pressing Block
    Sonbadak Noollo Makgi
    Palm Upward Block
    Sonbadak Ollyo Makgi
    Reverse Turning Kick
    Bandae Dollyo Chagi
    Backheel
    Dwitchook
    Connecting Motion
    Yon Gyol Tongjak

    Basic Techniques

    1. L Stance Forearm Guarding Block, Low Stance Palm Pressing Block
    2. L Stance Palm Upward Block
    3. (Front Leg) Side Kick, (Rear Leg) Back Kick
    4. (Rear Leg) Reverse Turning Kick, (Rear Leg) Reverse Turning Kick

    Patterns

    • Any 2 patterns from Chon Ji Tul to Won Hyo Tul
    • Yul Gok Tul
  • Theory

    Joong-Gun

    is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 Movements in this pattern to represent Mr Ahn's age when he was executed as Lui-Shung prison (1910).

    Number of movements = 32

    Diagram = I

    Blue Belt
    A Blue Belt signifies the Heaven, towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taaekwon-Do progresses.

    Terminology

    Close Ready Stance Type B
    Moa Junbi Sogi B
    Rear Foot Stance
    Dwit Bal Sogi
    Reverse Knifehand Middle Block
    Sonkal Dung Kaunde Makgi
    Low Side Front Snap Kick
    Najunde Yobap Cha Busigi
    Twin Fist Upset Punch
    Sang Joomuk Chookyo Makgi
    Angle Punch
    Giokja Makgi
    U-Shape Block
    Digutja Makgi
    Upset Fingertip Low Thrust
    Dwijibun Sonkut Najunde Tulgi
    Outer Forearm W-Shape Block
    Bakat Palmok San Makgi
    Side Checking Kick
    Yop Cha Momchugi
    Flying Turning Kick
    Twimyo Dollyo Chagi
    Foot Shifting
    Jajun Bal
    Double Stepping
    Ibo Omgyo Didigi
    3 Step Semi Free Sparring
    Ban Jayoo Matsogi
    1 Step Sparring
    Ilbo Matsogi
    Slow Motion
    Chonchonhi

    Basic Techniques

    1. L Stance Middle Block, Walking Stance Upset Fingertip Thrust
    2. sitting Stance W-Shape Block
    3. (Rear Leg Side Checking Kick, Side Kick (Shifting)
    4. (Rear Leg) Turning Kick, Side Kick (Double Stepping)

    Patterns

    • Any 3 patterns from Chon Ji Tul to Yul Gok Tul
    • Joong Gun Tul
  • Theory

    Toi-Gye

    is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th centuary), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 degree latitude and the diagram represents 'scholar'.

    Number of movements = 37

    Diagram = Scholar

    Terminology

    Backfist Side Back Strife
    Dung Joomuk Yopdwi Taerigi
    Twin Side Elbow Thrust
    Sang Yop Palkup Tulgi
    Double Forearm Low Pushing Block
    Doo Palmok Najunde Miro Makgi
    Knifehand Low Guarding Block
    Sonkal Najunde Daebi Makgi
    Upward Punch
    Ollyo Jirugi
    Flying Side Kick
    Twimyo Yop Chagi
    Twisting Kick
    Bituro Chagi
    Outward Vertical Kick
    Bakuro Sewo Chagi
    Inward Vertical Kick
    Anuro Sewo Chagi
    Pressing Kick
    Noollo Chagi
    Reverse Hooking Kick
    Bandae Dollyo Goro Chagi
    Downward Kick
    Naeryo Chagi
    Reverse Footsword
    Balkal Dung

    Basic Techniques

    1. L Stance Twin Forearm Block, Upward Punch
    2. Walking Stance Upset Fingertip Thrust, L Stance Backfist Side Back Strike (slipping the front foot).
    3. (Rear Leg) Inward Vertical Kick, (Front Leg) Flying Front Kick
    4. (Front Leg) Outward Vertical Kick, (Rear Leg) Flying Turning Kick.

    Patterns

    • Any 3 patterns from Chon Ji Tul to Joong Gun Tul
    • Toi Gye Tul
  • Theory

    Hwa-Rang

    is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantary Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity

    Number of movements = 29

    Diagram = I

    Red Belt
    Red Belt signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.

    Terminology

    Close Ready Stance Type C
    Moa Junbi Sogi C
    Vertical Stance
    Soojik Sogi
    Palm Pushing Block
    Sonbadak Miro Makgi
    Knifehand Side Downward Strike
    Sonkal Yop Naeryo Taerigi
    Side Elbow Thrust
    Yop Palkup Tulgi
    Side Front Block
    Yobap Makgi
    Stepping
    Omgyo Didigi
    Flying Reverse Turning Kick
    Twimyo Bandae Dollyo Chagi

    Basic Techniques

    • Any 4 kicking combinations chosen by the examiner

    Patterns

    • Any 3 patterns from Chon Ji Tul to Joong Gun Tul
    • Toi Gye Tul
  • Theory

    Choong-Moo

    Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolise his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.

    Number of movements = 30

    Diagram = I

    Black Belt
    Black Belt signifies the maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do, and also indicates the wearer’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.

    Terminology

    Knifehand High Front Strike
    Sonkal Nopunde Ap Taerigi
    Reverse Knifehand High Front Strike
    Sonkal Dung Nopunde Ap Taerigi
    Outer Forearm Middle Front Block
    Bakat Palmok Kaunde Ap Makgi
    X-Knifehand Checking Block
    Kyocha Sonkal Momchau Makgi /dd>
    Twin Palm Upward Block
    Sang Sonbadak Ollyo Makgi
    Twio Dolmyo Chagi
    Mid Air Kick

    Basic Techniques

    • Any 4 kicking combinations chosen by the examiner

    Patterns

    • Any 4 patterns from Chon Ji Tul to Toi Gye Tul
    • Hwa Rang Tul